Darwin preneseno in dobesedno: žanri in znanosti v boju za obstanek

Marko Juvan

Povzetek

Raziskave literarnih žanrov združujejo zgodovinsko in teoretsko opazovanje, idiografskost in nomotetičnost. Zato se je v zgodovini genologije pojavljala težnja po posnemanju nomotetičnega diskurza naravoslovnih znanosti, med njimi Darwinove evolucijske teorije. V pozitivistični zgodovini žanrov (Brunetière) in materialistično-sistemskem pristopu Morettija je bil pojem evolucije sprejet kot spoznavna metafora, prek katere se stroka lahko rekonceptualizira in tako doseže znanstveno nomotetičnost. Sredi današnjega socialnega darvinizma in globalnega ekonomizma pa se epistemološka razlika med duhovnimi in naravoslovno-tehničnimi znanostmi zaostruje v boj za obstanek obojih: sodobna smer literarnega darvinizma evolucijski nauk razume dobesedno in z njim literaturo (tudi žanre) razlaga s prilagoditvami človeške vrste. Ta pristop računa, da bo popolna uskladitev literarne vede z naravoslovno paradigmo stroki omogočila preživetje.

Ključne besede

literatura in znanost; literarna veda; humanistika; naravoslovje; epistemologija; literarni žanri; ideologija znanosti; interdiskurzivnost; evolucija; literarni darvinizem

Celotno besedilo:

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