Narod in povzdignjenje: nekaj primerjav med »nacionalnima pesnikoma« Slovenije in Islandije

Sveinn Yngvi Egilsson

Povzetek

Razprava skuša pokazati, da je povzdignjenje (elevationdomače literature na raven klasičnih in še posebej renesančnih standardov, ki ga je v svojih delih tako elegantno in ekstenzivno izvedel France Prešeren, značilno tudi za delo islandskega pesnika Jónasa Hallgrímssona (vključno s povzdignjenjem, ki ga ta doseže s pomočjo »nacionalne klasike«). Ob tem Jónas poskuša in tudi uspe povzdigniti svojo rodno deželo zlasti še s pomočjo dveh sredstev: najprej z opisovanjem islandske narave kot pokrajine v skladu z estetskimi modeli, ki so se razvili v evropski umetnosti, zatem pa še s prikazovanjem določene lokacije kot lieu de mémoire ali celo kot začaranega (enchanted) kraja zaradi njegovega posebnega pomena v nacionalni zgodovini. Različna sredstva povzdignjenja, ki sta jih uporabljala Prešeren in Hallgrímsson – neredko so bila povezana s sublimirano ljubeznijo do ženske oziroma muze – so na koncu služila istemu nacionalističnemu namenu: potrditi kulturno vrednost naroda – njegovega jezika, literature, pokrajine – ter ga dvigniti na evropsko raven.

Ključne besede

nacionalni literarni kanon; slovenska poezija; islandska poezija; nacionalni pesniki; Prešeren, France; Halgrímsson, Jónas; primerjalne študije

Celotno besedilo:

PDF (English)

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