Drugost in vprašanje avtoritete

Jonathan L. Hart

Povzetek

Primerjave med kulturami odpirajo nove perspektive. Pričujoči članek je primerjalna razprava o Zahodnih Evropejcih, o tem, kako so se sporazumeli z drugostjo staroselcev Novega sveta in kako so kot avtorji problematizirali svojo lastno avtoriteto ter pogled na svet. Reprezentacija staroselcev je tema, ki se nenehno obnavlja. Ta reprezentacija in »prevod« sta pogosto vključevala tako premoč nad drugimi, »barbarskimi« kulturami – ali sporazumetje z njimi – kakor tudi dediščino tamkajšnje predhodne vladavine ali tekmeca. Problemi, kot so vprašanje pristnosti pričevanj, retorična pogodba med piscem in bralcem ter tipologija Starega in Novega sveta me zanimajo z vidika resnice in laži, o čemer se morajo pogoditi avtorji in bralci popotnih poročil. To imamo lahko za etnologijo branja ali za uporabo etnologije, da bi uvideli drugost znotraj njih ali med jazom in drugim dramatično tenzijo, kakršno so izkušali pisci in bralci nekoč in jo izkušajo danes.

Ključne besede

literatura in ideologija; zahodna kultura; ameriški staroselci; kulturni imperializem; drugost

Celotno besedilo:

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