SCIRPUS GEORGIANUS HARPER – A NEW SPECIES IN SLOVENIAN FLORA AND CHARACTER SPECIES OF THE ASSOCIATION DACTYLORHIZO MAJALISSCIRPETUM GEORGIANI ASS. NOVA

  • Igor Zelnik
Keywords: Dactylorhizo majalis-Scirpetum georgiani, Scirpus, phytosociology, flora, ecology, wet meadows, Slovenia

Abstract

Scirpus georgianus Harper, a species, native of North America and new to Slovenia, was found in the Krakovo forest (near Kostanjevica, Malence and Virgin forest reserve); moreover, a new community Dactylorhizo majalis-Scirpetum georgiani ass. nova was described after close examination of stands. The characteristic inflorescence clearly distinguishes the mentioned species from the other two of the genus Scirpus L., section Scirpus (S. sylvaticus L. and S. radicans Schkuhr); new key for genus Scirpus L. was also made. The studied species thrives in wet meadows, where it sometimes builds larger stands, as well as in gaps in swamps where there is still enough light. On the basis of specific ecological conditions of sites and multivariate analyses, the mentioned stands were classified into a new community, which was given the name Dactylorhizo majalis-Scirpetum georgiani. The mentioned community thrives on drier sites than the community Scirpetum sylvatici Rałski 1931, which is similar to it.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Braun-Blanquet, J. (1964): Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. Springer Verlag, Wien, 865 pp.

Čarni, A. (1995): Staudenfluren- und Ufervegetation (Verbände Filipendulion Segal 1966 und Senecion fluviatilis R. Tx 1967) im Krško- Becken. Biološki vestnik 40, 3–4: 71–85.

DeFilipps, R. A. (1980): Scirpus. In: Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Moore, D. M., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. (eds.): Flora europaea. Vol. 5., Cambridge University Press, pp. 277–280.

Dierschke, H. (1994): Pflanzensoziologie: Grundlagen und Methoden. Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart, 684 pp.

Fournier, P. (1990): Les Quatre Flores de France. Lechevalier, Paris, pp. 121–125.

Gams, I. (1962): Klima Krške kotline. In: Gams, I., Savnik, R. (ur.): Dolenjska zemlja in ljudje. Dolenjska založba, Novo mesto, pp. 68–91.

Horvatić, S. (1939): Splošna primerjava vegetacije nižinskih travnikov Slovenije z ono Hrvatske in Slavonije. Zbornik prirodoslov. društva 1: 40–43.

Kiffe, K. (1998): Scirpus L. s. str. (Cyperaceae). In: Wisskirchen, R. & Häupler, H. (ed.): Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, pp. 463–464.

Košir, P. & Marinček, L. (1999): Predhodno poročilo o raziskavah javorjevih gozdov v Sloveniji. Acta biologica Slovenica 42 (3): 53–58.

Lambinon, J., De Langhe, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (1992): Nouvelle flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du

Nord de la France et des Régions voisines. Quatrième ed., Patrimoine, Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise, pp. 777–779.

Marinček, L. & Marinšek, A. (2003): Vegetacija pragozda Ravna gora. Hacquetia (2) 1: 53–70.

Marinček, L., Čarni, A., Babij, V., Čušin, B., Hren, B., Jarnjak, M., Košir, P., Marinšek, A., Šilc, U. & Zelnik, I. (2003a): Vegetacijska karta gozdnih

združb 1 : 50.000 – list Novo mesto. ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana.

Marinček, L., Čarni, A., Košir, P., Marinšek, A., Šilc, U. & Zelnik, I. (2003b): Komentar k vegetacijski karti gozdnih združb 1 : 50.000 – list Novo mesto. ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana.

Martinčič A., Wraber, T., Jogan, N., Ravnik, V., Podobnik, A., Turk, B. & Vreš, B. 1999: Mala Flora Slovenije. Ljubljana, Tehniška Založba Slovenije: 845 pp.

Mucina, L., Grabherr, G. & Ellmauer, T. (ed.) (1993): Die Pflanzengesellschaften Österreichs. Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart.

Oberdorfer, E. (1994): Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. 7. Auflage, Eugen Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1050 pp.

Ogrin, D. (1996): Podnebni tipi v Sloveniji. Geografski vestnik 68: 39–56.

Pignatti, S. (1982): Flora d’Italia. Vol. 3. Edagricole, Bologna, pp. 677–678.

Pleničar, M. & Premru, U. (1977): Osnovna geološka karta 1: 100.000. List 33–79 Novo mesto. Zvezni geološki zavod, Beograd, 61 pp.

Podani, J. (2001): SYN-TAX-2000. Computer Programs for Data Analysis in Ecology and Systematics. Scientia Publishing, Budapest.

Schuyler, A. E. (1967): A Taxonomic Revision of North American Leafy Species of Scirpus. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 119: 295–323.

Seliškar, A. (1993): Vegetacija poplavnega območja Jovsi ob reki Sotli. Hladnikia 1: 35–46.

Šilc, U. (2003): Plevelna vegetacija podrazreda Violenea arvensis Hüppe & Hofmeister ex Jarolímek & al. 1997 v jugovzhodni Sloveniji. Ph. D. Thesis, Biotehniška fakulteta, Ljubljana, 147 pp.

Šilc, U. 2003: Vegetation of the class Salicetea purpureae in Dolenjska (SE Slovenia). Fitosociologia, 40 (2): 3–27.

van der Maarel, E. (1979): Transformation of Cover- abundance Values in Phytosociology and its Effects on Community Similarity. Vegetatio 39:

–114.

Weber, H. E., Moravec, J. & Theurillat, J.-P. (2000): International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature. 3rd edition. J. Vegetation Science (11) 5: 739–768.

Westhoff, V. & Maarel, E. van der (1973): The Braun-Blanquet Approach. In: Whittaker, R. H. (ed.) Ordination and Classification of Communities. 2nd edition, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague, pp. 617–726.

Whittemore, A. T. & Schuyler A. E. (2002): Scirpus. In: Flora of North America. Vol. 23, Oxford University Press, pp: 8–22.

Wraber, M. (1969): Pflanzengeographische Stellung und Gliederung Sloweniens. Vegetatio (17) 1–6: 176–199.

Zelnik, I. (2002): Georgijski sitec (Scirpus georgianus Harper) – nova naturalizirana vrsta v Sloveniji. In: Flora in vegetacija v spreminjajočem se okolju. Simpozij, Maribor, 14.–15.11.2002.

Zelnik, I. (2003): Fitocenološki opis vlažnih travnikov jugovzhodne Slovenije. M. Sc. Thesis, Biotehniška fakulteta, Ljubljana, 180 pp.

Zupan, M. (1996): Pedološka karta 3124 – list Kostanjevica. In: Lobnik, F. (ed.) Pedološka karta Slovenije 1: 25.000. Biotehniška fakulteta, Agronomija, Center za pedologijo in varstvo okolja, Ljubljana.

Zupančič, B. (1996): Klimatografija Slovenije. Količina padavin: obdobje 1961–1990. Hidrometerološki zavod Slovenije, Ljubljana, 366 pp.

Zupančič, M., Marinček, L., Seliškar, A. & Puncer, I. (1987): Consideration on the Phytogeographic Division of Slovenia. Biogeographia 13: 89–98.

Published
2015-09-03
How to Cite
ZelnikI. (2015) “SCIRPUS GEORGIANUS HARPER – A NEW SPECIES IN SLOVENIAN FLORA AND CHARACTER SPECIES OF THE ASSOCIATION DACTYLORHIZO MAJALISSCIRPETUM GEORGIANI ASS. NOVA”, Hacquetia, 3(2). Available at: https://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/hacquetia/article/view/2986 (Accessed: 5July2020).
Section
Articles