Changes of physicochemical properties and correlation analysis of common buckwheat starch during germination
In order to clarify the physicochemical properties of starch during germination of common buckwheat, Xinong9976 was selected as the experimental material to study the main nutrients, particle structure, particle size distribution, transparency, aging value, pasting properties and the correlation between pasting properties and starch composition and main nutrients. The results showed that main nutrients were significantly different. The diameter of starch granules ranged from 2.36 to 8.89.m, and the shapes of starch granules were irregular with obvious holes and cracks on the surface. There were significant differences in starch transparency, aging value and pasting properties at different germination stages. Peak viscosity, through viscosity and final viscosity of germinated common buckwheat was significantly positive correlated with amylopectin content (P < 0.05) and breakdown, final viscosity and setback were significantly negatively correlated with amylose content (P < 0.05). The correlation analysis of starch pasting properties and main nutrients showed that breakdown, setback and crude fat content were significantly negatively correlated (P < 0.01), peak viscosity, through viscosity and final viscosity were significantly negatively correlated with crude fat content (P < 0.05), while the starch pasting properties had no significant correlation with other nutrients.
Received: April 14, 2019; accepted: June 8, 2019
Key words: common buckwheat, germination, physicochemical properties, starch
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